Saturday, June 18, 2016

Egyptian Chariots - Black Tree Designs

Literally "rolling" of the painting table are a quartet of Egyptian chariots by Black Tree Designs. When they had their sale on Ancients infantry this winter, the Chariots were, oddly, included. So who am I to complain about semantics? I needed more chariots to crush the foes of Egypt, Semitic or otherwise!

The first set is one of the several BTD codes for Egyptian Light Chariots. I imagine only the crew figures differ between the sets.

As is often the case with any manufacturer's Egyptian Light Chariots, it is often a challenge to fit the crew figures into the cab. The driver on the left of the picture has his foot braced on the opening of the leather cab, and is leaning back hard to restrain his team. At least that's my story!

The chariots, horses, and crew are all very nice sculpts, and they assembled quite easily otherwise,

Note the position of the Driver's foot...

On the other hand, perhaps the driver was just the victim of a well placed enemy arrow!

This second pair of chariots is one of the "Egyptian Heavy Chariot" codes; the only difference seems to be the size of the cab.

Much more spacious! One gets the feeling that the crew of the light chariots in particular
 would have been constantly bumping into and rubbing on one another during action!

I think I have the crossbar on  the yoke glued upside down (should be on  top of the long piece rather than underneath it), but eh, it works!

Regardless, Pharaoh is happy to have them added to his army, and all ready for my Historicon game !

No don't look at the messy blobs of epoxy I used to get these guys to stay firmly in place, LOL!

This top down view is interesting...

Note the difference in the cab size and crowding of  the crew! With it's dominant color of yellow, this unit will go to reinforce the under-strength chariots of Division Ra.

Sunday, June 12, 2016

Hussite Wars, Part 8: FIfty Shades of Frayed

    Back in Prague, November 1420 saw Hussite politics again come to the fore, as they resumed the search for a candidate for a new King of Bohemia, and debated doctrine, priestly vestments, and other religious issues between the factions. FInally, Nicolas of Pistny, a prominent Hussite Nobleman of the radical Taborite faction who had long had designs on the Bohemian crown himself, was making him,self a pain with his arrogance and obstinacy. Overall, the conservative factions in Prague and their noble allies gained the upper hand for the moment.

  Frustrated by these setbacks, Nicolas decided to leave Prague and resume active campaigning, hoping to bolster his status with military success. He planned to take some of the towns and castles in the Prague area that still held out ofr the Royalist cause. The first was Ricany castle, which Nicol;as besieged with his Taborite troops in late November of 1420. ALthough the castle was not strong, his forces were insufficient and he had to call for reinforcements from Prague, When these arrived, a joint pre-battle mass was held, but the factions nearly came to blows over the ornate vestments of the Praguer Ultraquist priests, and overt conflict was only averted by the leaders intervening and deciding that the masses would be celebrated separately by faction! Ricany finally fell on December 4th, and on December 6, 1420, Nicolas along with the Taborite and Utraquist troops returned to Prague. There, Jan Zizka had brought 4 prominent pro Hussite (but mot necessarily Taborite) nobles to the city in an attempt to mediate between the increasingly hostile Hussite factions.

Hussite Handgunners. Painted using a palate with grey tones predominating, these men seem to be taking the Taborite injunctions against opulent clothing very seriously!

   An initial conclave before the four Nobles on December 6th resolved only to refer the issue of the vestments for debate between the religious leaders of the factions on the 10th, moderated by one of the Nobles. Meanwhile, in an attempt to foster better relations between the members of the two factions,. a banquet was to be held prior to the proceedings. While Zizka and his supporters agreed to attend, Nicolas of Pistny, still frustrated by the lack of influence that he felt that he deserved, refused to attend, stating that it would give his enemies a chance to murder him! Thereafter, Nicolas left Prague in a huff, vowing never to return.

Note the Chalice on the trumpeter's banner, the most common Hussite emblem. 

    However, he was barely out of the city gates when his horse stumbled and he was thrown, suffering a severe injury to to his chest and a broken leg. He was brought back to Prague by his men, over his loud protests. With treatment by the best [physicians in Prague, his leg did well but the chest injuries ultimately proved fatal, and Nicolas died 2 weeks later.

Once again, some basic shading followed by a heavy application of a dark, black "magic wash" really brings out the many details in the fine Kingmaker figures (now sold by 1st Corps). 

    Although the banquet went well, the disputation began with the conservative Ultraquist faction accusing the Taborites of 72 counts of potential heresy. The Taborites responded that most of the 72 items were either distortions or completely untrue, and compared the proceedings to the Council of Constance, except that Jan Huss had only been charged with 40 counts of heresy!. It is notable that Zizka, who attended, seems to have said nothing, suggesting that he was in agreement with many of the criticisms of the more radical Taborite priesthood. After some conciliatory remarks by one of the University masters, he meeting ended with an agreement to present both the Ultraquist complaints and the Taborite responses in writing for further consideration.

A final view of these "grey" Hussite Hndgunners. 

    In January of 1421, Jan Zizka started new operations in the Pilsen area, long strong supporters of the Royalist cause. He surprised his enemies, both by attacking in the winter, and by approaching via a circuitous route. Fortified monasteries, villages, and castles fell to the Hussites in rapid succession. Upon learning that Bohuslav of Svamberg, a leading Royalist noble and skilled commander, had retired to his castle, Zizka and his men changed their plans an besieged his stronghold. When it became clear that he couldn't hold out for long, Bohuslav negotiated a surrender. The terms granted by Zisza, who respected Bohuslav, were quite generous, with Bohuslav being held under house arrest. This caused some grumbling among his taborite troops, but they removed one of Sigismund's key supporters. as the year progressed, Zizka began paying Bohuslav regular visits, and by October he had converted him to the Hussite cause, and he was released and fought on their behalf.

A unit of Hussite skirmish Crossbowmen, once again very plainly dressed in shades of grey. 

    These successes alarmed both the ethnic German residents of Pilsen and Sigismund, as well as the dukes of the nearby German territories. When Zizka came within a short distance of the Mountain passes leading to Franconia and Bavaria, Sigismund at last acted, feeling that Zizka had over extended himself and might be cut off. However, Zizka strengthened the garrisons of the key castles and withdrew to Tabor to recruit and strengthen his forces, while also requesting assistance from Prague. Sigismund, finding Zioska gone, settled down to siege the castle at jkladruby. Although outnumbering the hussite defenders 10:1, the Royalists made slow progress against a very active defense.

Their many victories allowed the Hussite to regularly upgrade their weapons and armor. 

    The Praguers sent a force of 7,000 men and 320 wagons, and these joined Zizka's reinforced men on February 6, 1421. They approached the Kladruby castle on February 8th, and Sigismund, who never chose to fight unless he possessed a great advantage in numbers, lifted the siege. Sigismund withdrew to Kutna Hora, and then, by late March, to Hungary. Thuis allowed Zizka to concentrate his forces and besiege the great city of Pilsen. When the outerworks fell quickly to the Hussites, the Pilsners sought to negotiate, and were able to obtain very favorable terms. In return for accepting the Four Articles of Prague, and allowing communion in both kinds throughout their territory, the city was spared and an armistice declared that would last until January 1, 1422. This was a huge blow to the Royalist cause,

Although the Hussites were the greatest users of gunpowder weapons in European history up to their time, crossbows still outnumbered handguns in their forces. 

     While the Hussites were engaged around Pilsen, Hromadka, a sexton who was one of the early leaders of Tabor, took about 1,000 troops and tried to establish a new Hussite community in the upper Elbe valley. His forces occupied two towns, but this provoked a response from Royalist forces lead by Nicolas the Fierce. His troops retook Prelouc in late January of 1421, killing many of the Taborites and taking roughly 125 prisoners, who were brought back to Kutna Hora, presumably to encounter the dreaded mineshafts. Worse was to follow.

Note the studded jerkins on two of the Crossbowmen. 

    In early February, Nicolas' forces, assisted by a couple of supporting Royalist nobles, besieged the second of Hromadka's towns, Chotebor. Many of the Taborite troops had been sent away to resupply, so the defenders were at a severe disadvantage. After a five day siege, Hromadka sought terms. The Royalist leader on the scene, Mestecky of Opacno, agreed to allow the Taborites to leave unmolested if they would surrender the town. Hromadka agreed, but Mestecky promptly reneged upon his promises, arguing that oaths made to heretics were not binding, He burned 300 Hussite men on the spot, and forced their wives to watch. The remaining 700 or so were marched to Kutna Hora. Those who were too weak to keep up were clubbed to death, and 40 more uncooperative prisoners were burned to death along the way.  The survivors were thrown down the infamous mine shafts at Kutna Hora, and Hromadka himself publicly burned in the town square.

Hussite women were known to fight alongside their men. Considering their potential fate if they were captured, it was probably their best self interest to do so!

    Not surprisingly, these atrocities, notable in a war that was marked by far too many on both sides, enraged the Hussites of every faction. Their retribution first fell upon the town of Chomutov, which the Hussites besieged on March 14, 1421.  Reinforced by the troops of some local nobles, the garrison heaped shouted abuses at their Hussite enemies. When the assault the next day succeeded, he Hussites, bent on vengeance, killed every male citizen in the town, evenn those pl;edging to accept the Hussite practices. The Jews of the town were offered amnesty if they woukld accept the Hussite creed, but they refused and were thus killed with the rest. It was Jan Zizkas standing order that women and children were to be spared regardless of any other considerations. However, when the women of Chomutov were lead out of the town, the Hussite women stripped them of their clothing and jewelry, and then killed them all. Reportedly, the only survivors were some 30 men who were pardoned so that they could bury the dead, which totaled nearly 2,000. It is a sad commentary on humanity, that 600 years later, such brutal conflicts persist, driven by religious, economic, and racial differences, as evidenced by current events in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, and elsewhere across the globe. In any event, the effect of this massacre was widespread, causing teror in many of the Bohemian towns that still supported Siguismund,

It is not hard to imagine these Hussite women taking their vengeance on their counterparts at Chomutov.

    The Taborite and Praguer forces returned to Prague victorious on Match 21, 1421. Along their return route, two towns that had been retaken by Sigismund the previous year rejoined the Hussite cause, their Royalist garrisons fleeing at the approach of Zizka's forces. As a result of the campaign, most of Western and Northwestern Bohemia had been brought under Hussite control. There were two remaining Royalist strongholds in the Prague area that still needed to be dealt with, the towns of  Beroun and Melnick. Zizka's forces proceeded to Beroun, whose Militia were commanded by an Italian condottiere, Rodolfo Bece. The town was taken in six days, on April 1, 1421 and their commander killed in the process. After that, the town of Melnick submitted to Prague on it's own, accepting the Four Articles of  Prague and denouncing Sigismund.

This is definitely the view of these Hussite women that I'd prefer to see if they considered me an enemy!

    The Hussite's main army departed from Prague once again on April 13, 1421, and on April 17th they assaulted and captured Cesky Brod, a well fortified town that had been garrisoned by several hundred German mercenaries. Most of the defenders were killed. Ater this swift victory and the events of Beroun Chomutov, many more Bohemian towns submitted to Prague and joined the Hussite cause. A Key hold out was Kutna Hora, home of the rich but infamous silver mines and the center of Royalist resistance. The Hussites approached the city in great force on April 23, and the next day the city dispatched representatives to try to escape the destruction of their city. They offered to accept the Four Articles of Prague, and recognize Prague as their capitol, provided that those who dissented were allowed to leave the city first with whatever they could take with them. The radical cleric Zevilinsky was in charge of the Hussite expedition, but for once he chose to accept these terms, on the condition that the entire population of the town do penance. The town duly submitted, and the penance was done on April 25th. It was a tremendous economic and political aquisition for the Hussite cause.

Talk about femme fatale; these women mean business!

        Zizka spent much of the next several months extending the control of the Hussites over most of the rest of Bohemia, and suppressing some of the more radical sects that had sprung from the Taborite faction. In the process, a minor conquest was a small wooden fort atop a hill, originally built by Teutonic Knights. Zizka rebuilt the modest castle in stone, and claimed it for his own, the only time that he ever did this, renaming it "Kalich", which is Czech for Chalice. He made it his new home and henceforth refereed to himself as "Jan Zizka of the Chalice", and changed his coat of arms from a crab to a chalice.

This statue of Jan Zizka. which stands astride the Vitkov hill in Prague, was erected in 1950 and recently restored. It is the third largest equestrian bronze statue in the word. The sculpture is 9 m high, 9.6 m long, and weighs 16.5 tons. Under the German occupation of Czechoslovakia during World War 2, the models and other materials related to the planned statue were hidden away to prevent their destruction by the Nazis. 

    Jan Zizka was convinced that disunity among the Hussites would prove their downfall, and he was very much a devout Hussite theologically. Particulalrly concerning to him were several splinter groups encompassing various fringe beliefs collectively referred to as Pikharts. Their most defining difference from both of the main Hussite factions was that they believed that the essence of Christ was present in the elements of the Eucharist only ceremonially, effectively denying transubstantiation. This was a concept of John Wycliffe's called remanence, and it was brought to Bohemia circa 1418 by immigrants from France and Belgium who were fleeing religious persecution. The Adamites have been mentioned previously, but a more serious issue was that of Houska, who was practicing a new form of communion where the bread was passed around to be divided among the congregation. Houska felt that this was a more authentic representation of the Last Supper, bu this practice was anathema to all Bohemian Hussites, who were fighting and dying for the right to take communion in both kinds specifically because they believed that it was essential to their salvation. . Houska was well liked and was given several chances to recant, but remained rebellious. He was finally imprisoned on June 20, 1421.

The Zizka statue in its setting at the National Monument at Vitkov Hill.
Image by Aktron / Wikimedia Commons

    It was during this time that Zizka lost the sight in his remaining eye, the victim of an arrow shot during the siege of Rabi castle. Zizka survived this grave injury, but his recuperation took 2 months. Amazingly, he continued to lead his armies for almost 4 more years thereafter, despite being blind in both eyes. After a long period with repeated failures to persuade Houska of the errors of his ways, a recovered Zizka decided that the instrangient renegade cleric had had sufficient time to repent, and he was burned at the stake for heresy, along with one of his chief supporters.

Saturday, June 4, 2016

Towers of Babble-on

With my Historicon games fast approaching, I figured it was time to start wrapping up the few terrain items I need to complete before July. First are these two towers, which will act as (fortified) camps for my Assyrian army in their battle against my expanded Egyptians with "To the Strongest!" on Thursday morning.

Regular readers might recall that last year I bought a pair of "castle" wooden bird feeders at Michael's (a US Craft Store chain). They reminded me of the "Ziggurat" style towers often depicted in the ancient Middle East.  I got as far as spray painting them a deep orange-brown color, to suggest baked clay. It seems the surface of these were often white washed or painted, so I resolved to do the same. 

I first painted the surface of the "blocks" Delta CC "Bisque", a creamy off white color. However, that just looked *too* white, so I changed gears and painted them with Craftsmart Khaki instead. See, there IS a use for Khaki paint in my collection, LOL!

I painted the crenellations with Delta CC "Maple Sugar Tan", and the base with CC "Palomino Tan". Finally, I touched up the orange brown base color with CC "Terra Cotta" as needed.

I then drilled two wholes the size of the pegs on my new Palm trees on either side of the entrance way, so that I could change the flanking palms for slightly different looks. Here it is with the 4" palms.

Some Assyrian archers atop the towers for scale...

Here are the "Twin Towers" with yet another different kind of palms at the gateways. 

Finally, the towers with my pair of Assyrian Winged Bulls (Lamassu or Shedu).

These "birdhouses, made out of pine wood, are still available at Michaels for about $5 each... and if you sign up for their e-coupons on line, you can often get a substantial further discount from that. It's hard to beat prices like that! I might pick up a few more...

Tuesday, May 31, 2016

Hussite Wars, Part 7

    While Jan Ziska was campaigning against Ulrich of Rozemberk, the armed forces at Prague were commanded by Hynek Krusina, former military commander of the Orebite faction of the Hussites. He besieged the Vysehrad castle at Prague from September 14290 on, his roughly 12.00 men being camped Southeast of the castle, cutting of its communications and food supply. W hen an attempt to resupply the castle by river was thwarted by the Hussites, Sigismund felt compelled to act. He brought a force of some 16,00 men and attempted to draw off the besieging Hussites by raids and attacks on smaller outlying towns, but was unsuccessful. The garrison had become desperate by the end of October, and negotiated an agreement whereby they would surrender if no relief appeared by November 1st.  Sigismund, who was awaiting some 2,000 additional troops from Moravia,dithered and the appointed day arrived, and the commander of the castle kept his word, and the garrison surrendered the castle to the Hussites. They were allowed to keep their hand weapons but no heavy armaments. Upon learning of the surrender, Sigismund, who by his inaction was in fact responsible for the fall of the castle, became enraged. He was convinced there was a conspiracy against him by his Czech and Moravian nobles, which was aggravated by the fact that the garrison commander was also Moravian.  When the Moravians arrive following the fall of the castle. their leader, Henry, advised Sigismund that an assault on the cast;e would be bloody and doomed to failure. In response, the Holy Roman Emperor ordered a frontal attack on the castle,and specifically assigned his Moravian and Bohemian (Czech) soldiers to charge directly at the Hussite guns, while giving his German and Hungarian soldiers much less hazardous positions.

    The assault was, predictably, a bloody failure, and Henry himself and over 500 of his men were killed, and many more captured. As a result of this spiteful conduct, most of the remaining Moravian Royalist soldiers defected to the Hussite cause, and the Praguers began dismantling the great Vysehrad castle. Characteristically, Sigismund singled out his Bohemian nobles and their retainers for the blame which belonged properly to himself.

Hussite Handgunners by Kingmaker, now sold by 1st Corps, Ltd
Their standard bears the White Lion of the Kingdom of Bohemia.

    On November 5, 1420, the Hussite leadership sent out a message to all of Bohemia, accusing Sigismund of shaming the Czech nation with undeserved charges of Heresy, and attempting to replace native Czechs with Germans and Hungarians, and instigating a civil war between the Bohemian Hussites and Catholics for the express purpose of weakening the Czech nation., and hastening its extermination. A remark attributed to Sigismund, to the effect that he would happily give away Hungary if he could only kill every Czech  was particularly convincing, and stirred nationalist sentiment even among the conservative Catholic nobles. Many new nobles joined the Hussite cause as a result, and those that remained wavered even more in their support of Sigismund. Among these later was none other than our old "friend", Ulrich of Rozmberk, one of the most two faced men who ever lived!

Being a Hussite banner, though, this one incorporates both the Chalice and the Host as well!

    In  November 1420, Jan Ziska and his men moved against yet another of Ulrich's towns, that of Prachatice. Ziska had conquered this town twice already, and each time the town agreed to accept allegiance to Tabor and the Four Articles of Prague. Each time they had reneged on their promises when the danger was past, expelling most Hussites and burning a few at the stake for good measure. Despite the town's repeated bad faith, Ziska again promised to spare the lives and possessions of all in the town if they would allow hist Taborite forces to enter, the townsmen already being deployed defensively along its walls. They replied with a sarcastic and offensive rejoinder. Understandably Ziska's patience was at an end, and he ordered an attack, stating that none of the inhabitants would be spared afterwards. The town fell after a brief fight, with 135 defenders being killed in the attack. After freeing a handful of Hussites, in keeping with the savagery of this conflict, the remaining 92 townsmen were burned to death. The women and children were spared but told to leave immediately, and the town was resettled by Hussite peasants.

The detail on these Kingmaker figures is superb!

    Following further reverses, Ulrich sought an armistice with the Hussites. By its terms, which would expire in February 1421, the Hussites were granted free [passage through Ulric's domains, and Ulric agreed to accept the Four Articles of Prague, thus granting freedom of Hussite worship much of the rest of Bohemia. Thus by the end of 1420, the Hussite cause had achieved great success in both securing Prague against further attack, and expanding their religious influence. Unfortunately, as the year drew to a close, infighting between the Hussite factions once again intensified.

Some basic shading followed by an application of my darkest version of the Magic Wash" really brought out the detail in these sculpts. 

Hussites armed with Polearms, by Kingmaker. 

Women were definitely known to have fought alongside their men in support of the Hussite cause.  Thus some Kingnaker women are included on these bases!

The figures come with an assortment of different polearms. 

Still, the war Flail is the most characteristically Hussite polearm.

The elongated "tails" of the hoods remind me somewhat of the lekku or "brain tails" of the Twi'leks of the Star Wars universe (see this article in Wookiepedia).

The following is taken from the "History Reconsidered" site's article on the Hussites:

Hussite Sects

The name is based on the practise of taking communion “under both kinds”, or “sub utraque specie.” This was the moderate element of the Hussites, comprised mostly of the merchant class and minor nobility in the urban areas, especially Prague. They benefited greatly from the confiscation of property from the Catholic churches. This faction attempted to negotiate with Emperor Sigismund in 1419-1420 with no success.

Hussite Crossbowmen by 1st Corps. 

The Taborites represented the most radical sect in Hussitism, believing in equality under the law for noble and commoner, the equal distribution of wealth, communal ownership of property and decision making by elected council rather than noble fiat. To the Taborites, clergy were unnecessary, biblical interpretation was an individual matter, their communion services were held on hilltops and their children were baptized in rivers and ponds. They established themselves in the fortress town of Tabor. 

Once again, great detail on these figures. I do have to say, though, that these Crossbows were a real pain to attach. The nature of the join was such that all attempts with super glue failed, as did going to just epoxy. I finally had to use the fast drying Duco cement to hold them in place and then slather on epoxy later for a more lasting bond. Quit annoying, actually!

Established by Ziska in 1423 under the name “Oreb Union” named after a hill near the town Orebovice. He had become dissatisfied with the indiscipline of the Taborites and introduced a strict military discipline among this group he took with him out of the Taborite faction. He enforced a strict system of justice under which all were seen as equal under the law, all loot was equally distributed and hoarders were executed. Upon the death of Ziska, they took the name of “Orphans” and carried a banner with the image of Ziska on a white horse. [Peter: Actually, this somewhat more mopderate faction dated to 1420, and was later joined by Ziska when he left the Taborites, and took its name from Mount Oreb]

"Veritas Vincit", or "The Truth will Prevail", is accompanied by the Chalice emblem of the Hussite cause on this banner. 

A small short lived minor sect of Hussites that believed that all should live as Adam and Eve did.  Their belief in the need to go naked doubtless contributed to their suppression by Ziska in 1421. [The survivors fled into the woods, and became quite debased, recognizing no authority, and holding every human urge as divine. They forbade marriage, with all men sharing all women, and supported themselves chiefly by looting and pillage.]

Well, no one would accuse these fellows of exposing much flesh, would they? 
All three of these groupings now form part of my "Brown" Hussite contingent. 

Saturday, May 28, 2016

Palms for the Poor

Back a few months ago, I ordered a variety of inexpensive plastic palm trees from China through Ali Babba. I now understand the process a bit better - Ali Baba basically acts as a middle man for many Chinese manufacturers. This makes it somewhat hard to estimate shipping charges at times. For my palms, I wanted a variety of heights and styles, and I didn't need hundreds of trees. Thus it took quite a bit of shopping around on the Ali Baba site to find exactly the items and quantities that looked like they would work best. Ultimately, one of the items was cancelled when the supplier was unable to ship them within Ali Babba's fairly tight time frame, and each item wound up arriving in a separate mall parcel over the course of a bout a month. Fortunately, unlike the rest of the world, shipping charges from China seem to be incredibly low!

Here's an example - 20 x 4" tall palm trees. 

Here they are unpacked. All of these trees have the plastic "pegs" on the bottom for model railroad layouts and the like. 

A close up shot with an Eureka 28mm Assyrian figure for scale. While I was in the Turks and Caicos Islands last month, I did some filed research on Palm trees, assisted by Rum Punch and other potent potables.  This style of Palm, such as coconut Palms,, seemed to have most trunks more grey than brown, and the frond-like leaves were often a dusty light green.

The Short Palms like those at the top usually seemed to have a red-brown trunk and  medium to  dark green leaves.  Interestingly, Palms are not native to the Caribbean or the Bahamas, even though we routinely associate both with them. 

This top down view illustrates the point that their are two different major styles of leaves found on Palms. Elongated, frond like leaves , such as those on the left, and wide, "palmate" leaves like those on the right. The Date palms that I saw in the Islands all seemed to have Palmate leaves... some very, very large!

This is the final style of Palms that I got - short with large, palmate leaves. All of these will probably get some dry brushing of the trunks and leaves before use. All told, I got about 52 palms for about $25. Not bad at all! There should be quite a few of these appearing in my Egypt vs Assyria game at Historicon in July.