The 106e Ligne had its origins in the Regiment du Cap, first raised in 1772
From 1805 - 1810, the regiment was part of the Army of Italy.
It fought at Sacile. Raab, and Wagram in 1809.
During the1812 Campaign jn in Russia, it was part of the 4th Corps, asnd saw action at Ostrowno, Borodino, and Maloyaroslavets.
It was back to Italy during 1813 - 1814 Italy, and participated in the battles of Castagnaro, Barghetto, and Plaisance.